On October 2nd, India observes a public holiday to celebrate Gandhiji’s birth anniversary, which is also known as the International Day of Nonviolence. Gandhi was affectionately referred to as Bapu by his fellow Indians. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose named him the “Father of the Nation” for his unwavering efforts on behalf of India’s freedom.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as Mahatma Gandhi, was an Indian lawyer, politician, social activist, and writer who rose to prominence as the leader of the nationalist movement against British rule in India. He was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, India, and he was shot dead by named Nathuram Godse on January 30, 1948, in Delhi.
Gandhiji was the Congress’ Supreme Commander from 1920 to 1947, when the country gained independence. He is globally renowned for his philosophy of peaceful protest (satyagraha), which he advocated for the advancement of political and social causes. He will always be recognized for his crucial role in the fight for independence. He wanted to create a new civilization based on nonviolence and integrity so that Its members should be treated equally regardless of their gender, religion, race, or social class.
Nonviolent Satyagraha was an effective method of attracting large numbers of people, and it was compatible with the interests and sentiments of business groups, well-off individuals, and peasantry leaders, who feared the consequences of an unrestrained and violent social revolution that would cause them to suffer financial losses. It was in 1942 that he began the Quit India Movement. Gandhiji’s non-cooperation campaign, the Dandi March, and the Salt Satyagraha led to the British announcing their intention to leave India.
On June 15, 2007, The United Nations General Assembly approved a resolution declaring 2nd of October as International Day of Non-Violence. This year marks the 152nd anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi’s birth. People decorate Mahatma Gandhi statues with flowers and garlands throughout the nation. The nation’s leaders pay their respects at Raj Ghat in New Delhi, the site of Mahatma Gandhi’s samadhi. In honor of him, the devotional song Raghupati Raghava Raja Ram, which was his personal favorite, is performed. Schools, universities, and even government organizations hold prayer services and cultural activities to honor the leader. A peaceful way of life is promoted in schools and the community, and the top prizes are given to initiatives honoring Gandhi’s contribution to the Indian freedom struggle via painting and essay contests.
Gandhiji, the national hero of India and beloved by millions of Indians as ‘Bapu,’ continues to inspire us with his words. Using his determination, Gandhiji overcome his challenges. This is the most significant aspect of Mahatma Gandhi’s life, and by following his example, we may make our own lives more fulfilling and fruitful. Bapu’s ideas about truth and non-violence have guided India and the rest of the world for centuries, and they will do so in the future. Several events going place across the globe suggest that people are becoming more interested in a non-violent means of expressing their opinions. Many those who are engaged in these activities are familiar with Mahatma Gandhi’s name and philosophical outlook.